bibliographer n : someone trained in compiling bibliographies
- A person who compiles bibliographies.
Bibliography (from Greek: βιβλιογραφία, bibliographia, literally book writing), as a practice, is the academic study of books as physical, cultural objects; in this sense, it is also known as bibliology. On the whole, bibliography is not concerned with the literary content of books, but rather the "bookness" of books.
A bibliography, the product of the practice of bibliography, is a systematic list of books and other works such as journal articles. Bibliographies range from "works cited" lists at the end of books and articles to complete, independent publications. As separate works, they may be in bound volumes such as those shown on the right, or computerised bibliographic databases. A library catalog, while not referred to as a bibliography, is bibliographic in nature.
Bibliographic works differ in the amount of detail depending on the purpose, and can be generally divided into two categories: enumerative bibliography (also called compilative, reference or systematic), which results in an overview of publications in a particular category, and analytical, or critical, bibliography, which studies the production of books. Bibliographical works are almost always considered to be tertiary sources.
Enumerative bibliographyA bibliography is a list, either indicative or comprehensive, of writings sharing a common factor: this may be a topic, a language, a period, or some other theme. One particular instance of this is the list of sources used or considered in preparing a work, sometimes called a reference list.
Citation formats vary, but an entry for a book in a bibliography usually contains the following information:
- date of publication
An entry for a journal or periodical article usually contains:
- article title
- journal title
- date of publication
A bibliography may be arranged by author, topic, or some other scheme. Annotated bibliographies give descriptions about how each source is useful to an author in constructing a paper or argument. These descriptions, usually a few sentences long, provide a summary of the source and describe its relevance.
Bibliographies differ from library catalogs by including only relevant items rather than all items present in a particular library. However, the catalogs of some national libraries effectively serve as national bibliographies, as the national libraries own almost all their countries' publications.
Analytical bibliographyThe critical study of bibliography can be subdivided into descriptive (or physical), historical, and textual bibliography. Descriptive bibliography is the close examination of a book as a physical object, recording its size, format, binding, and so on, while historical bibliography takes a broader view of the context in which a book is produced, in particular, printing, publishing and bookselling. Textual bibliography is another name for textual criticism.
Related terms in other mediaA number of related terms have developed for listings of other media and artistic expression:
bibliographer in Arabic: ببليوجرافيا
bibliographer in Breton: Levrlennadur
bibliographer in Bulgarian: Библиография
bibliographer in Catalan: Bibliografia
bibliographer in Danish: Bibliografi
bibliographer in German: Bibliografie
bibliographer in Spanish: Bibliografía
bibliographer in Esperanto: Bibliografio
bibliographer in French: Bibliographie
bibliographer in Croatian: Bibliografija
bibliographer in Italian: Bibliografia
bibliographer in Hebrew: ביבליוגרפיה
bibliographer in Kazakh: Кітапнама
bibliographer in Luxembourgish: Bibliographie
bibliographer in Hungarian: Bibliográfia
bibliographer in Dutch: Bibliografie
bibliographer in Japanese: 書誌学
bibliographer in Norwegian: Bibliografi
bibliographer in Polish: Bibliografia
bibliographer in Portuguese: Bibliografia
bibliographer in Russian: Библиография
bibliographer in Slovak: Bibliografia
bibliographer in Serbian: Библиографија
bibliographer in Finnish: Bibliografia
bibliographer in Swedish: Bibliografi
bibliographer in Thai: บรรณานุกรม
bibliographer in Turkish: Bibliyografya
bibliographer in Ukrainian: Бібліографія
bibliographer in Yiddish: ביבליאגראפיע
bibliographer in Chinese: 目录学
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